SUBMISSIONS

SUBMISSION DETAIL

Didem OUZ
 


Keywords:



THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIETARY HABITS AND WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE
 
Background: Waist circumference is one of the components of metabolic syndrome and higher circumference is associated with higher cardiovascular mortality. In our study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between dietary habits and waist circumference. Material and methods: Total 103 patients who presented to the cardiology clinic in Istanbul between March 2016 and March 2017 were included in this cross-sectional study. All patients were commuting to work by their private car and living sedentary lifestyle. Patients with diabetes mellitus or any endocrinologic disease were excluded. Median waist circumference was taken as a cut off and the cohort was divided into two groups. Baseline clinical characteristics were obtained from history, physical examination and medical records. Blood tests for fasting glucose and lipid profile were drawn at the time of presentation. Survey was done to investigate the dietary habits. Results: The mean age was 4811yrs and 37% of the patients were female. High body mass index, high triglyceride level, not being follow up by dietician, lower number of meals a day and consuming snacks, fast/fried food at least 5 days a week were associated with waist circumference≥96cm (OR 1.2 [1.003-1.321] p=0.043, OR 1.4 [1.297-1.798] p=0.021, OR 0.78 [0.058-0.980] p=0.028, OR 0.82 [0.065-0.976], OR 1.1 [1.002-1.134] p=0.036 respectively). In multivariate analysis, high body mass index and not being follow up by dietician were independent predictors of waist circumference≥96cm (OR 1.2 [1.247-1.678] p=0.03, OR 0.79 [0.054-0.956] p=0.02 respectively). Conclusion: Dietary habits has an impact on waist circumference and being follow up by a dietician will help to reduce the waist circumference that may result in lower cardiovascular risk. ORCID NO: 0000-0003-4818-0170

Anahtar Kelimeler: waist circumference, diet, body mass index